Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom):
Optometry is a healthcare profession that is autonomous, educated, and regulated (licensed/registered), and optometrists are the primary healthcare provider of eye and visual system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care, including refraction and dispensing, detection, diagnosis and management of disease in the eye along with the vision rehabilitation of various ocular conditions.
(As defined by World Council of Optometry)
In order to ensure global acceptability of the Optometry graduates, the current curriculum and structure is divided into smaller sections which enable us to focus on hours of teaching, practice and studying which was converted into credit hours as per the international norms followed by various other countries
The B Optom undergraduate four-year degree program (3+1) which includes one year of compulsory internship.
Students should have completed the recognized secondary school studies as the qualification stipulated for B. Optom is 10+2 with Sciences (Biology/Mathematics) ( PCM / PCB) or equivalent from a recognized university or board which will provide the foundation for and prepare them for higher education studies.
Upon graduation, positions are available in:
- Optometrist will work independently
- Can work in conjunction with other eye/health care professionals.
- The optometrist will be knowledgeable, skilful and able professionals in diagnosis, treatment planning, management of visual defects & impairments and in co-managements of ocular conditions.
- The optometrist can work in hospitals (both private and public sectors), optical outlets and/or work as independent practitioner
- The course will lead to a basic degree in optometry, which is considered as the minimum essential for statutory registration of optometrists in countries where optometry has been brought under legislation.
- Undertake public health optometry projects and vision screening eye camps in schools, colleges, urban slums, rural areas and practice occupational Optometry in industries.
- Public education on ocular hygiene and related nutritional and environmental counselling.
- Offer a helping hand and or efficiently manage and successfully run any ophthalmic clinic, optometry department in hospitals, optical shops, and offer product expertise in ophthalmic industry & trade.
Scope Of Optometry
The profession not only gives immense opportunities of employment but also gives student a chance of self-employment too.
There are many career options available to Optometry graduates which depends on the academic and abilities to perform skills.
- Independent Optometric Clinic with Optical outlet.
- Practice in eye institutions/hospitals as every eye institution has an optometrist apart from ophthalmologists as their consultant.
- Shortage of the Optometrist in government primary health centers
- A rewarding career in corporates in eye care industry such as contact lenses, ophthalmic lenses etc.
- Excellent job opportunities both in Nepal as well as overseas.
- Further education leading to post-graduation, teaching and research in various fields of eye-care.
Fully qualified optometrists with a minimum of four years of training are qualified to:
- Prescribe the latest advances in spectacle lenses
- prescribe rigid and soft contact lenses including orthokeratology, frequent replacement, and extended wear contact lenses,
- conduct complex contact lens fitting for myopia control and corneal disorders
- prescribe vision therapy, vision therapy treatment for children with learning problems or common binocular vision disorders including squint and lazy eye,
- provide low vision and rehabilitative services-vision aids assisting visually impaired people to use their functional vision more effectively,
- detect or diagnose ocular conditions and associated systemic health conditions, and refer them to appropriate health care professionals, and
- offer counselling services on preventive vision care
Optometry will play a major role in eye are provision at primary, secondary and tertiary level and where ever possible work with ophthalmologist and other eye care providers towards a unified goal of combating blindness. In countries such as Australia, the United States and United Kingdom, optometry is well developed highly sought-after profession and have high standards of eye care service.